How are speech disorders diagnonsed?
Fortunately for those with speech disorders, improvement can be made through various therapies. Speech therapists are trained to observe people as they speak and to identify types of speech impediments. They look for the type of problem (such as a lack of fluency, articulation, or motor skills) someone has. For example, if you stutter, the therapist will examine how and when you do so.
The initial screening might result in no action if speech symptoms are determined to be developmentally appropriate. If a disorder is suspected, this usually results in a referral for a comprehensive speech sound assessment, comprehensive language assessment, or audiology evaluation.
Most treatment plans include breathing techniques, relaxation strategies that are designed to help you relax your muscles when you speak, posture control, and a type of voice exercise called oral-motor exercises. You'll will have to do these exercises each day on your own to help make your treatment plan as successful as possible.
The good news is that treatments like speech therapy can help people of any age overcome some speech disorders.